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MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :5. (f). 3.

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Chapter-5.THE THREE AVASTHAS :


(f). SUSHUPTI AVASTHA (DEEP SLEEP STATE) : 3.



Swami Sri Adi Sankaracharya  observes that the phenomena of duality caused by the action of the mind are present in the waking and dreaming states only, but absent in deep sleep state.

In waking and dreaming states, there is the play of the thoughts (and the simultaneous occurrence of names and forms) and
hence the world as well.

In dreamless sleep, there are no thoughts; and hence, there is no world too.

We taste the nature of absolute bliss in dreamless sleep, where a man is cut off from the distracting world.

It is the mind (lower Manas) that creates differences, distinctions, duality and separateness.

If this mind is destroyed by increasing the Sattva and Ahangraha Upasana, then you will feel oneness everywhere (Sarvatmabhava).

This needs continuous and strenuous efforts on the part of the Sadhakas.


Next : (g). DEGREE OF CONSCIOUSNESS IN THE THREE STATES :



Swami Sivananda

To be continued  ...


MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :5. (f). 2.

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Chapter-5.THE THREE AVASTHAS :


(f). SUSHUPTI AVASTHA (DEEP SLEEP STATE) : 2.



Says Ajata Satru to Gargya in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad (II-i-16) : “

Where was the spirit whose nature is like knowledge at the time when one profoundly sleeps?

When the spirit whose nature is like knowledge thus profoundly slept, then the ether in the midst of the heart, drawing in, together with the knowledge of the senses, slept therein in the ether.

When the spirit draws in that (knowledge of the senses), then he sleeps indeed.

Thus, life is drawn in, speech is drawn in, the eye is drawn in, the ear is drawn in and the mind is drawn in.”



When, on the cessation of the two limiting adjuncts (i.e., the subtle and the gross bodies) and  the consequent absence of the modifications due to the adjuncts, the Jiva is in the state of deep sleep, merged in the self as it were, then it is said to be asleep.

Chhandogya Upanishad : -

“"When a man sleeps here, then my dear, he becomes united with the Sat; he is go…

MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :5. (f).1.

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Chapter-5.THE THREE AVASTHAS :



(f). SUSHUPTI AVASTHA (DEEP SLEEP STATE) : 1.



When the mind enters the Puritat Nadi, the state of deep sleep sets in.

In Dridha Sushupti (dreamless sleep), you have a cessation of empirical consciousness.

There is no play of the mind in this Avastha (state).

There is neither Raga nor Dvesha (attraction or repulsion, like or dislike).

The mind gets Laya into its cause.

Manolaya (involution of the mind) takes place.

There is no play of the Indriyas (organs, senses) too.



This state of profound sleep is not a complete non-being or negative, for such a hypothesis conflicts with the later recollections of a happy repose of sleep.

The self continues to exist, though it is bereft of all experiences.

The consciousness is continuous.

You feel you have existed even during sleep as soon as you are awake.

You feel that you exist always.

Vedantins build their philosophy around this Sushupti Avastha.

This stage gives them the clue to the non-dual state (Advaitic state…

MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :5. (d) & (e)

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Chapter-5.THE THREE AVASTHAS :



(d). WAKING STATE, A LONG DREAM :



You dream that you are a king. You enjoy various kinds of royal pleasures.

As soon as you wake up, everything vanishes.

But, you do not feel for the loss because you know that the dream-creatures are all false.

Similarly, even in the waking consciousness if you are well established in the idea that the world is a false illusion, you will not get any pain.

When you know the real Tattva (Brahmam), the waking consciousness also will become quite false like a dream.

Jagrat state is only a long dream (Dirgha Svapna).

The state of waking consciousness does not exist either in dream or sleep.

Therefore, it is illusory.

Reality always exists in all conditions or states.

Wake up and realise, my child!



(e). SVAPNA-JAGRAT :


Manorajya (building castles in the air), recollection of the events and things of dream, recollection of things long past in the waking state are all Svapna-Jagrat (dreaming in the wakingstate).



Next : (f). SUS…

MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :5. (c)-1.

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Chapter-5.THE THREE AVASTHAS :


( c ). THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN JAGRAT AND SVAPNA :


Part-1.


The difference between the waking and the dreaming states consists in this, that in the waking condition the mind depends on the outward impressions, while in the dreaming state, it creates its own impressions and enjoys them.

It uses, of course, the materials of the waking hours.

In Jagrat state, the objects exist independent of the mind.

So, every day you see the same objects as soon as you wake up from sleep.

But in dreams, the objects of dream exist only so long as there is mind, so long as the dream lasts, because the dream-creatures are manufactured out of mind only.

In dream, mind itself creates the dream-creatures out of the materials supplied by waking experiences with some modifications.

When mind drops down to waking state, all dream-objects vanish.


Next : (d). WAKING STATE, A LONG DREAM :


Swami Sivananda

To be continued  ...




MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :5. (b)-3.

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(b). SVAPNA AVASTHA (DREAMING STATE) : 3.



The objects perceived in dreams are revivals of impressions received in waking state and have an external reality only to the dreamer.
When modified by the impressions which the external objects have left, the Jiva sees dreams. Perception takes place through the internal organ called Manas; so it is called “inner perception.”




Every man has his own subjective mental world and his own dream-creatures.

The dream-creatures of a young lady are her husband and new-born babe.

Her mind has two strong mental images, viz., those of her husband and baby.

The mental images are strengthened by constant thinking.

The dream-creatures of a doctor are his patients, while those of a barrister are his clients.




There is temperamental difference.

Some rarely get dreams.

A Jnani who has Knowledge of the Self will not have any dream.


Next : ( c ). THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN JAGRAT AND SVAPNA


Swami Sivananda

To be continued  ...




MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :5. (b)-2.

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(b). SVAPNA AVASTHA (DREAMING STATE) : 2.



In dream, the senses are thrown off just as you throw off your suit when going to bed.

In dream state, the senses are quiet and absorbed in the mind.

Mind alone plays during dream.

The mind alone operates in a free and unfettered manner.

There is no land, no sea, no horse, no elephant in dream; but mind creates everything out of its own body, out of the materials supplied from waking consciousness.

The mind itself assumes the various forms of bee, flower, mountain, elephant, horse, river, etc.

It is the subject.

It is the object as well.

The seer and the seen are one.


Swami Sivananda

To be continued  ...



MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :5. (a) & (b)-1.

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Chapter -5. THE THREE AVASTHAS :


Mind has got three Avasthas, viz., Jagrat (waking state), Svapna (dreaming state) and Sushupti (deep sleep state).



(a). JAGRAT AVASTHA (WAKING STATE) :



The individual soul (Jiva) is called awake as long as it is connected with the various external objects by means of the modifications of the mind—which thus constitute limiting adjuncts of the soul—apprehends those external objects and identifies itself with the gross body which is one of  those external objects.

During waking state, the mind occupies the brain.



(b). SVAPNA AVASTHA (DREAMING STATE) : 1.


When the mind enters the Hita Nadi, which proceeds from the heart and surrounds the great membrane round the heart, which is as thin as a hair divided into thousand parts and is filled with the minute essence of various colours of white, black, yellow and red, the individual soul or Jiva (ego) experiences the state of dream (Svapna Avastha).


Swami Sivananda

To be continued  ...





MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :4. (g).

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Chapter-4. MIND AND FOOD :


(g). THE SECRET OF MADHUKARI BHIKSHA :


The mind is made out of the subtle essence of food.

So it is attached to those persons from whom it receives the food.

If you live with a friend for a couple of months and take food with him, your mind gets attached to that friend who feeds you.

That is the reason why a Sannyasin lives on Madhukari Bhiksha from three to five houses, avoids attachment and travels from village to village.

He is not allowed to stay for more than a day in a village during his Parivrajaka (wandering itinerant) life.

The mind of a Paramahamsa who thus lives on alms is as clean as the Ganga water and is absolutely free from attachment of any kind.

ATTACHMENT BRINGS BONDAGE.

Attachment is death.

Attachment is the root of all evils.


NEXT  : Chapter -5. THE THREE AVASTHAS :


Swami Sivananda

To be continued  ...




MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :4. (f).

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Chapter-4. MIND AND FOOD :


(f). WHEN FOOD CAN BE DISPENSED WITH :


Food is only a mass of energy. Water supplies energy to the body.

Air also furnishes energy.

You can live without food for very many days, but you cannot live without air even for some minutes. Oxygen is even more important.
What is wanted to support the body is energy.

If you can supply the energy from any other source, you can dispense with food entirely.

Yogins keep up the body without food by drinking nectar.

This nectar flows through a hole in the palate.

It dribbles and nourishes the body.

A Jnani can draw energy directly from his pure, irresistible will and support the body without food.

If you know the process of drawing the energy from the cosmic energy or solar energy, you can maintain the body with this energy alone for any length of time and can dispense with food.


Next : THE SECRET OF MADHUKARI BHIKSHA


Swami Sivananda

To be continued  ...




MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :4. (e).

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Chapter-4. MIND AND FOOD :


(e). A NOTE OF CAUTION


Evolution is better than revolution.

Do not make sudden changes in anything, particularly in food.

Let the change be gradual.

The system should accommodate it without any hitch.

Natura non facil saltum (nature never moves by leaps).


A Raja Yogin who wants to control the mind must be able to avoid the two extremes, viz., luxury and severe Tamasic Tapas.

Too much fasting brings about extreme weakness.

You cannot do any Sadhana.

You cannot think.

You cannot ratiocinate.

Take any food that suits you.

Do not make much fuss about it.

Any food that is readily available and that agrees with your system is harmless.


Next : (f). WHEN FOOD CAN BE DISPENSED WITH :


Swami Sivananda

To be continued  ...



MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :4. (d).

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Chapter-4. MIND AND FOOD :



(d). FOOD ITEMS HELPFUL IN MEDITATION :


Milk, fruits, almonds, sugar-candy, butter, green oats, Bengal oats (Chenai) soaked in water overnight, bread, etc., are all helpful in meditation.

Thed, a kind of Kandamula found in abundance in Brahmapuri, Vasishtha Guha and other parts of the Himalayas, is very Sattvic.

It helps meditation.

My friend and spiritual brother Swami Purushottamanandaji used to live on that for some days when he was at Vasishtha Guha, fourteen miles from the reputed Rishikesh.

Sunthi-Sevana (taking powder of dried ginger) is very good for aspirants.

It can be taken along with milk.

It refreshes the mind and helps digestion.

Yogins take it very often.

Triphala water also is taken by Yogins.

It removes constipation, cools the system and stops wet-dreams.

Myrobalan or Haritaki (Harad of the yellow kind) can be chewed by Yogic practitioners very often.

It preserves semen and checks nocturnal discharges.

Potatoes boiled without salt or roaste…

MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :4. (c).

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(c). HARMFUL FOODS :


Different foods produce different effects in different compartments of the brain.

Spiced dishes, sour things, black gram, onions, garlic, tea, wine, fish, meat, mustard oil, etc., excite passions and emotions and should, therefore, be avoided.

They should be particularly avoided by a Sadhaka.

A Jijnasu (spiritual aspirant) should strictly give up meat, fish and alcoholic drinks as these make the mind coarse and produce excitement in the mind.

Heavy food brings Tandri (drowsiness) and Alasya (laziness).

Tea should be given up.

It destroys Virya.

Sugar must be taken in moderation.

It is better if it is given up.


Next :(d)FOOD ITEMS HELPFUL IN MEDITATION


Swami Sivananda

To be continued  ...




MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :4. (b).2.

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(b). QUALITY OF MIND DEPENDS UPON QUALITY OF FOOD-2



Food plays an important role in meditation.

For purposes of meditation, the food must be light, Sattvic and nutritious.

The body is Annamaya (made up of food).

Bhairavi Chakra is in Annamaya Kosha. Bhairavi Chakra is Maya.

Light Sattvic food, such as fruits, milk, etc., takes you to Vishnu Chakra and thence to Nirvikalpa state quite easily.



When the quality of the mind depends upon the quality of the food taken, it is natural to insist in the interest of the highest morality upon a kind of Sattvic regimen of diet for those aspirants who lead a contemplative life and householders who are attempting to lead a spiritual life in the world.

It was because Narada had his impurity destroyed that the venerable Sanatkumara pointed out to him the way beyond darkness.

The way which leads up beyond darkness, therefore, must be sought for in the purity of food, which involves in its train, the purity of mind.



Next : (c). HARMFUL FOODS



Swami Siva…

MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :4. (b).1.

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(b). QUALITY OF MIND DEPENDS UPON QUALITY OF FOOD-1.


Food has a direct and intimate connection with the mind and plays a vital part in the make-up of the mind.

Sattvic diet calms the mind.

Rajasic diet excites the mind.

Mark the difference in nature between a tiger which lives on flesh and a cow which lives on grass.

Food exercises important influence on the mind.

You see it clearly every day.

It is very difficult to control the mind after a heavy, sumptuous, indigestible, rice meal.

The mind runs, wanders and jumps like a monkey all the time.

Alcohol causes tremendous excitement in the mind.



Swami Sivananda

To be continued  ...




MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :4. (a).

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Chapter-4. MIND AND FOOD


“Aharasuddhau Sattvasuddhih Sattvasuddhau Dhruva Smritih

Smritilabhe Sarvagrantheenam Vipramokshah.”

“When the food is pure, the whole nature becomes pure; when the nature becomes pure, the memory becomes firm; and when a man is in possession of a firm memory, all the ties are severed.”

(Chhandogya Upanishad, VII—xxvi-2)



(a). MIND IS MADE OF FOOD


Mind is manufactured out of the food that we take.

Subtlest part of food reaches upward to the heart and thence entering the arteries called the ‘Hita’, and thereby bringing into existence the aggregate of the organs of speech and being changed into the form of the mind, it increases the mind.

And thus, the mind, being increased by food, is material and not eternal as held by the Vaiseshikas.


The Upanishadic philosophers believed that the mind depends upon the food for its formation. “

The food that we take is transformed in three different ways : the gross or the heaviest part of it becomes the excrement; that of me…

MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :3. ( f ). 2.

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Chapter 3 -MIND, PRANA AND KUNDALINI :



(f ) . MIND AND KUNDALINI : 2.



After Kundalini is awakened, Prana passes upwards through Sushumna or Brahma Nadi within the spinal cord, along with mind and Agni.

The Yogin is freed from physical consciousness.

You are shut out from the external objective world.

As soon as Kundalini is awakened for the first time, a Yogin gets these six kinds of experiences which last for a short time, viz., Ananda (spiritual bliss), Kampana (tremor of various parts of the body), Udbhava (rising above the ground from his Asana), Ghurni (intoxication divine—the body moves in a circle), Nidra (sleep) and Murchha (fainting).

After awakening the Kundalini, you will have to take it up to Sahasrara in the top of the head.



When this Kundalini moves from Chakra to Chakra (from centre to centre), layer after layer of the mind opens up. The Yogin experiences different kinds of bliss (Ananda) at each new centre.

He gets different experiences also as well as different power…

MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :3. ( f ). 1.

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Chapter 3 -MIND, PRANA AND KUNDALINI :


(f ) . MIND AND KUNDALINI : 1.


Kundalini, the serpent-like coiled power that lies dormant with 3.1/2  coils with the face downwards in the Muladhara Chakra, the basal lotus at the end of the spinal column, is connected with Prana and Prana is connected with the mind.


Even a Vedantin (student of the path of Jnana) can get Jnana-Nishtha (superconscious state) only through the awakening of Kundalini Sakti.

No superconscious state or Samadhi is possible without the awakening of this primordial energy, whether it is in Raja Yoga, Bhakti Yoga or Jnana Yoga.



Kundalini Sakti can only be aroused when the mind is actually free from passions and desires. Sakti-Chalana or Asvani Mudra, Tadana, Pracharana—all help in awakening the Kundalini.

Mahabheda helps in taking the Kundalini higher up.

When the Kundalini Sakti is awakened, the mind enters, along with Prana and Jiva, the Sushumna and all perceptions are in the mental space (Chidakasa).



Swami Sivananda

T…

MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :3. ( e ).

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Chapter 3 -MIND, PRANA AND KUNDALINI :



( e ). THE SUPERIORITY OF PRANA OVER MIND :


The sight is more internal than speech as the sight generally informs without contradiction.

Similarly, the hearing than the sight, as the eye may convey false impressions, e.g., the mother of pearl as silver, but the ear never hears a non-existing sound.

Similarly, the ear only exercises its functions with the aid of the mind’s attention and, similarly, the mind depends on the Prana or life.

Prana is, therefore, Brahmam, the Innermost of all.




“Forsooth, mind departed from the body.

It returned after a year’s absence and enquired of  the organs :

‘How did you survive my separation?’

‘In the same way’, replied the organs, ‘in which an infant not possessing the power of reflection breathes through the agency of his respiratory organs, speaks through the organ of speech, sees by his eyes, hears by his ears.’

Mind resumed its place.

Then did mind say unto Prana,

‘The quality of containing all,

which belong…

MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :3. ( c & d ).

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Chapter 3 -MIND, PRANA AND KUNDALINI :



(c). MIND, PRANA AND VIRYA



Mind, Prana and Virya (semen) are under one Sambandha (connection).

If you can control any one of these three, the other two are controlled by themselves, quite easily.

Hatha Yogins try to control the Prana.

Raja Yogins try to control the mind.

Jnana Yogins start their Sadhana with Buddhi and will.



(d) BENEFITS OF PRANAYAMA



By Pranayama (control of Prana or restraint of breath), you can also increase the mental energy and develop thought-control and thought-culture.

This will help concentration and meditation. This will make the mind steady.

This will remove Rajas (passion) and Tamas (inertia).

This will burn the dross in the mind.



By Pranayama, the mind gradually moves from the gross to the subtle.

It, therefore, exercises a wholesome check upon sexual irritation.

When some evil thought disturbs your mind, at once take to Padmasana or Siddhasana and do Pranayama.

The thought will leave you immediately.



Next : (e). THE…

MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :3. (b).

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Chapter 3 -MIND, PRANA AND KUNDALINI :


(b). INTER-DEPENDENCE OF MIND AND PRANA :



Prana and mind stand to one another in the relationship of the supporter and the supported.

Both these are only like the flower and its odour or a sesamum seed and the oil in it.

If either of them is slain, then the other also will cease to exist.

If the mind and Prana cease to exist, then thoughts will not arise at all.

The destruction of both will confer Moksha on all.



Ekagrata (one-pointedness) and Nirodha (controlled state) are two Avasthas of the mind.

Spanda (subtle or Sukshma) and Nirodha are two Avasthas of the Prana.

When the mind becomes one-pointed, Spanda Avastha of the Prana comes by itself.

If the mind is purified with true Sattva Guna, the Prana will be distributed freely throughout the body.

The food will be digested thoroughly.


Next : (c). MIND, PRANA AND VIRYA


Swami Sivananda

To be continued  ...





MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :3. (a). 2.

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Chapter 3 -MIND, PRANA AND KUNDALINI :


(a). PRANA—THE OUTER COAT OF MIND : 2.



Prana is gross.

Mind is subtle.

Mind is formed out of the conglomerate Sattvic essence of the five Tanmatras; whereas, Prana is formed out of the sum total of Rajasic essence of the five Tanmatras.

That is the reason why mind is more Sukshma than the Prana.



The Pranamaya Kosha (vital sheath) is more subtle than the physical body.

It overlaps the Annamaya Kosha (physical sheath) and is more extensive than it.

Manomaya Kosha is more subtle than the Pranamaya Kosha and more extensive than the vital sheath.

You have to touch the body of another man to have a physical influence over him.

Whereas you can stand at a distance and by mere ‘passes’ you can impart your Prana to him; because, Prana (vital) is more subtle than the body.

You can influence a man mentally through thought even though he lives a thousand miles away from you, because mental force is more subtle than Prana.



Next : ( b ). INTER-DEPENDENCE OF MI…

MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :3. (a). 1.

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Chapter 3 -MIND, PRANA AND KUNDALINI :


(a). PRANA—THE OUTER COAT OF MIND : 1.


There are two principal Tattvas in the universe, viz., mind and Prana.

Wherever there is Prana, there is mind also.

Even in the external movement of breath beyond the nose, the mind is mixed with the external breath.

Prana (energy) is the outer overcoat for the mind.

Prana digests the food, turns it into chyle and blood and sends it to the brain and mind.

The mind is then able to think and do Brahma-Vichara (enquiry into Brahman).

The life of the mind is kept up through the vibration of the subtle psychic Prana which gives rise to the formation of  thought.



Swami Sivananda

To be continued  ...





MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :2.( i ).

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Chapter - 2. MIND AND BODY BODY :



( i ). CONQUER THE MIND TO CONTROL THE BODY



With the majority of mankind, the mind is greatly under the control of the body.

Their minds being very little developed, they live on Annamaya Kosha mostly.

Develop the Vijnanamaya Kosha and, through Vijnanamaya Kosha (Buddhi), control the Manomaya Kosha (mind).

The Vijnanamaya kosha is developed by abstract thinking and reasoning, by systematic meditation, Brahma-Chintana, study of the Upanishads, Yogavasishtha and Brahma Sutras.



When you have controlled the mind, you have perfect control over the body.

The body is only a shadow of the mind.

It is the mould prepared by the mind for its expression.

 The body becomes your slave when you have conquered the mind.


Next : Chapter 3 -MIND, PRANA AND KUNDALINI


Swami Sivananda

To be continued  ...



MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL :2.( h ).

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Chapter - 2. MIND AND BODY BODY :



( h ) . PAIN IS IN MIND ONLY


Pain is evident so long as you connect yourself with the mind.

There is no pain in sleep.

If there is an inflammatory swelling on your back with throbbing pain, you do not experience any pain at night when you are asleep.

Only when the mind is connected with the diseased part through nerves and thinking, you begin to experience pain.

There is no pain when the mind is disconnected from the body by the administration of chloroform.

 During moments of great joy, the severe pain entirely ceases, as the mind is taken away from the body, from the seat of the pain.

If you can consciously withdraw the mind from the diseased part by concentrating it on God or any other attractive object, you will not experience any pain even when you are wide awake.

If you have a powerful will and strong Titiksha (power of endurance), then also you will not experience any pain.

By constant thinking of any trouble or disease, you only augment your …